I’ve been planning to remodel and started learning about the different kinds of pipes used in plumbing systems. I wondered whether copper pipes are better than PVC pipes. Based on my research and the opinion of experienced plumbers, here’s what I found.
You can not use PVC pipes and copper pipes for the same purpose. Therefore neither is better than the other overall. PVC pipes can not be used for hot water and can only be used for cold water plumbing, typically the main water supply pipe. Copper pipe can be used for both hot and cold water. However, it is more expensive to purchase and install compared to PVC pipes.
There is also CPVC, which is very similar to PVC and can be used instead of copper pipes. It’s also much easier to install copper pipes. CPVC can be used for both hot and cold water.
Below, I will explain the significant differences between copper and PVC pipes, which one is better to use for plumbing, and the difference between the major types of pipes used in plumbing – copper, PVC, CPVC, and PEX.
What is the Best Pipe for Plumbing?
Different kinds of pipe material are suited to specific purposes, whereas others can be used for an entire plumbing system. But, which is the best overall?
As a general rule, PEX pipes are the best to use for plumbing. It can be used for hot and cold water and is the cheapest to install. Other plumbing pipes, such as copper, are significantly more labor-intensive to install than PEX or CPVC.
PVC pipes can only be used for cold water lines and aren’t suitable for hot water. CPVC and PVC are pretty much the same as PEX. However, PEX is flexible, making it easier to install and requires less labor than PVC or CPVC.
Here’s a table that shows the major differences between the different types of pipes commonly used in plumbing:
|Type of pipe||Main disadvantages|
|Copper||Labor-intensive to install and can be expensive to buy|
|PVC||It can’t be used for hot water and isn’t flexible like PEX|
|CPVC||Isn’t flexible like PEX|
|PEX||None as compared to the other types of pipes|
A known disadvantage of PEX is that you can not leave it in direct sunlight. However, this is also true for PVC and CPVC. Therefore, in my opinion, it isn’t a drawback compared to the other types of plumbing pipes.
Copper requires a lot more extra equipment, technical skill and is more labor-intensive. Here’s a brief rundown of the steps involved in installing copper pipes.
Labor involved in installing copper pipes
First, the pipes need to be cut using a special tool, then the spurs of copper on the end of the pipe need to be removed using another special tool, after that the end needs to be sanded to make a clean and exposed surface. Finally, it needs to be soldered to another piece of copper pipe.
Soldering is a specialist skill that requires a bit of training to do it safely. Also, when soldering, you need to use a blow torch type of tool, which poses a very significant fire risk. And as a result, it’s much simpler and less hassle to use plastic pipes for plumbing.
PEX is flexible unlike PVC and copper
Interestingly, PEX pipes have the added advantage of holding up to what’s called a water hammer. Water hammer occurs when water flows through a pipe. As water flows through the pipes, it pushes against the pipe sides like an ocean wave causes vibrations.
When that happens, the pipe moves around a lot because copper pipes are very rigid and flexible. As a result, the screws and nails holding the copper pipes in place can loosen, and it also increases the amount of noise the pipes make as water is flowing through them.
PEX, on the other hand, as water moves through the PEX pipes, the pipes move and absorb the force created by the water. PEX pipes are quieter because the force is spread out over a wider area. Rather than concentrating the force of the water in certain areas in the copper pipe.
What is Better for Plumbing: Copper or Plastic?
Plastic is considered cheaper to install than copper and is very similar in how you use it for plumbing. I was curious about which one is better for plumbing. Based on the opinion of qualified plumbers, here’s what I found.
As a general rule, plastic is better for plumbing than copper. The major types of plastic pipes used are PVC, CPVC, and PEX. PVC and CPVC are similar to copper in that they are generally rigid, whereas PEX is flexible. Therefore, it’s easier to install, whether for a remodel or a new build.
Copper has been used for a very long time, and for that reason, it’s trusted among plumbers and builders alike. Because it has been proven to last for 80 to 100 years, if you consider using copper pipes despite the additional cost, I would read [this: link l or m copper pipes] article. It covers the different types of copper pipes and what they’re used for.
Plastic pipes for plumbing, on the other hand, began being used in the 1960s. So, exactly how long they last haven’t been proven yet. However, it has been subjected to many laboratory tests that have proven it’s strong and durable. Because it’s much cheaper and easier to install than copper, it's popular despite its limited lifespan of 25 to 40 years.
Some sources say that over 50% of homes in America use PEX pipes for their plumbing. People in the plumbing industry say that PEX began being used widely in the USA from the 1980s to the 1990s, where previously plumbers only used it in Europe.
Copper or plastic for a new build versus a remodel
It is relatively easier to install plumbing in a new build than it is to replace existing plumbing. With a new build, you can plan when the pipes will be installed so that it’s easy to get them in at a time when it’s easy to access where it needs to go.
But, a remodel often needs to work around existing walls, pillars, and wiring. Rigid materials like copper, PVC, or CPVC are more challenging to install because you can’t easily thread them into spaces and around corners.
PEX is flexible and much easier to work with than PVC, CPVC, or copper pipes on a new build. Therefore, overall, it’s cheaper to install because it takes less time.
Plastic or Copper Pipes for a Shower
Showers and bathrooms have a lot of water flowing through them, so you may be wondering whether plastic or copper pipes are better for a shower. Here’s what I found.
Specifically, PEX plastic pipes are best to use for a bathtub and shower pipes. PEX is a plastic material superior to PVC or CPVC pipes because of its flexibility and ability to be used for both hot and cold water. It’s also widely used for residential and commercial plumbing.
The labor costs if you’re getting a contractor in, or the time it takes you to install it if you’re doing it yourself, is considerably less when using plastic when compared to installing the same plumbing using copper.
However, plastic pipes like PVC and CPVC are rigid, making them more challenging to work with. PEX, on the other hand, has all the good qualities of copper, PVC, and CPVC but is easier to work with.
The building codes of certain jurisdictions can require you to use only certain types of pipes to meet building standards. And therefore, it’s always best to make sure you can use a specific kind of pipe for your plumbing. With that said though, PEX is widely used, and you can likely use it for remodeling or new build plumbing.
- Flowguardgold.com: PEX vs. CPVC: Which Is Better for Residential Plumbing?
- Facilitymanagement.com: Using the Right Piping Material for Your Plumbing Application
- Youtube.com: PEX vs COPPER vs CPVC plumbing pipes
- Reddiplumbingwichita.com: What’s the Difference Between Copper, PEX, PVC, and CPVC Plumbing Pipes?