According to The International Residential Code requirements on the length of the venting duct, it states that a venting duct should not exceed the maximum length of 35 feet starting from where the dryer is located to the termination end, which could either be the wall or the roof.
According to building codes, dryers must be vented to the exterior. For dryer safety and efficiency, the shortest and straightest ducting route is always preferred. In instances where dryers are installed on interior walls with no direct route to the exterior available, dryers are allowed to vent through the roof. Dryers vented through the roof must have rigid metal ducting that extends in a straight line to the roof exterior. Venting through the roof requires routine professional cleanings or risk lint buildup becoming a fire hazard.
The code goes ahead to reiterate that the venting duct should be as straight as possible right from the start to the end. Turns and bends interrupt the flow of air and could become potential catchment areas for lint.
Demystifying Roof Venting
It is common for households with slab foundations to vent their dryers through the roof. Though it is not popular with some contractors, builders, home inspectors and vent cleaning technicians, this type of venting is becoming commonplace in modern-day construction.
In the past, homeowners and venting system manufacturers were more focused on getting the job done. Still, in today’s world, homeowners and constructors are more concerned about home beautification and greater efficiency forcing vent duct manufacturers to up their game.
Several scenarios can make a roof venting system the ultimate choice;
- Proximity of the neighboring homes – such as in townhomes where buildings are adjoined.
- No other direct access to the exterior – such as laundry rooms on interior walls in slab foundations.
- Aesthetics – where the venting affects building appearance or curb appeal.
- Length of the duct – where the roof is the shortest route to the exterior.
- Animal and rodent invasion – dryer vents low to the ground can be nesting locations for birds or be damaged by rodents.
- Damage – dryer vents low to the ground can be damaged by children or pets.
- Volatile emissions – roof venting can prevent fumes from entering open windows that could affect people extremely vulnerable to pollutates.
1. Proximity Of The Neighboring Homes
Proximity to the neighboring homes is born out of urbanization; the more the people, the lesser space. Therefore, it has forced homeowners and contractors to make the best out of the available space.
Most often, you will find that modern homes do not have the luxury of a separate private compound. Nowhere near a building entrance or ventilation, wall ventilation becomes a little bit complicated. The international code dictates that the venting duct terminates not less than three feet away from any direction.
2. No Other Direct Access To The Exterior
Concrete slab foundations are becoming the norm in building construction. When a dryer is installed along an interior wall in a concrete slab home, there is no access under the slab to run a dryer vent to the exterior. Directing a dryer to the roof becomes the only feasible option to direct the dryer vent to the exterior.
Dryer vents are not permitted to vent to a soffit according to building codes which leaves the roof as the only option. Dryers venting through the roof must have a rigid metal vent pipe and requires routine cleanings to prevent dryer fires. Professional cleanings are recommended annually or as needed.
Modern homes are built in a nature that encompasses both style and beauty.
No one wants vents that are protruding out of a wall and attracting attention. And because a roof vent duct stands at less than 51/2 above the roofing plan, it becomes a shallow profile with minimal visibility.
Any homeowner considering beauty and visibility will most probably go for roof system dryer vents.
4. Length Of The Duct
As much as the International Housing Code recommends a 35 foot maximum in length, several scenarios can prove that the shorter the run, the better the outcome.
From saving you the cost and hassle of a long run to complications in maintenance, shorter runs will save you your money.
Longer runs require more energy. As heated moisture flows along a lengthy run, it may encounter friction and sometimes run into bends (if there are any) that act as speed bumps. As a result, the inside flow will be interrupted and may need more energy to pick up speed.
When the runs are shorter, the duct will probably run straight.
Straight shorter runs minimize the chances of lint build-up and, therefore, zero chances of dryer overheating, translating to lesser chances of fire outbreaks summing up to a safer home.
5. Animal and Rodent Invasion
Many small animals and reptiles live outside our homes and thrive on the grass and gardens, be it in rural or urban settings. Rats, lizards, mosquitos, among others, will quickly find entry into the homes’ interior through the piping duct.
Birds also love to nest inside dryer vent pipes which can clog the vent and restrict airflow causing your clothes not to dry properly and increased fire risk.
Because wall venting systems are easily accessible, children playing outdoors and even animals might get curious, resulting in a damaged duct.
7. Volatile Emissions
Many (if not most) laundry products today contain fragrances that emit volatile organic compounds that pollute the air. Exposure to toxic air is closely related to health issues like asthma and migraines.
Installing your vent on the roof can keep you and your family out of range and a little bit safer than running the vent through the wall.
Approval from Authorities
Aside from the International Residential Code endorsing roof venting as a safe way of terminating moisture resulting from cloth dryers, there are also other organizations whose verdict plays a relevant role in the adoption and consumption of household dryer venting products;
- Building Code
- Certified dryer exhaust technicians
- Appliance Manufacturers
1. Building Code
The International Residential Code, together with The International Mechanical Code, unanimously states that dryer vents should terminate the moist water vapor on the exterior of the home.
Regardless of the termination location, a roof dryer vent meets the building code requirements as long as the termination duct has no screen feature and contains a backdraft damper.
Dryers are prohibited from venting to a soffit.
2. Certified Dryer Exhaust Technicians
In their books, the Certified Dryer Exhaust Technicians union does not recommend a venting location over another. Still, it does stress the need to have shorter runs built from rigid pipes and the importance of minimizing elbows and bends.
They also revised their notes on re-routing the venting system through the roof or the wall.
3. Appliance Manufacturers
All products and appliances come with a manual containing specific instructions to be followed while installing the product.
They also contain the specifications of the product. If you peruse through many of the dryer vent manuals, you will see that they have recommendations on roof installations.
How to install a dryer vent on the roof
- From the location of your dryer inside the house, locate the point of exit on your rooftop where you would want the vent to terminate.
Use a tape measure to make out the distance between the two points. If it falls below 35 feet, you are good to go, but anything above requires that you relocate your dryer and the venting system to a different location than meets the standard length.
- From inside the roof and on the exit location in the attic, trace the outline of the venting duct on the roof, then drill a hole through it before cutting around the outline using a reciprocating saw to make a hole through which the outline roof venting cape will come in.
- Then from the rooftop, cut and trim the shingles lying over the hole to make a delicate edging.
Install the vent cap by first inserting the pipe through the hole, then attach the cap firmly on the siding or the roof deck. The pipe should extend down the roof so that you may access it from the inside.
To keep the vent cap in place, you may require the use of regular 11/4” nails to fix the venting cap to the siding or galvanized roofing nails to attach it to the roof decking.
- Spread roofing tar around the diameter of the hole to seal it completely and prevent water from dripping in.
- Again from inside the attic, make a hole on the ceiling that will accommodate and allow the pipe to run straight from the roof down to the dryer.
- Insert a 4” metal duct elbow upward inside the vent at the back of the dryer, firmly securing it using a duct clamp.
- Now, connect the dryer to the roof vent using a 4” metal duct pipe.
- Reinforce every joint along the duct using metal foil tape.
Disadvantages of a Roof Dryer Vent
During a storm, there is a chance that a roof venting system may contribute to more roof damage, especially if the area sounding the duct cap is not well secured or the roofing tar did not glue everything in place.
A damaged roof will see water trickling down inside your home, damping and damaging the ceiling.
Hot air rises and makes it easy to be transported up (along with lint) through the vent and out the venting system. But when the cycle is completed, the last bits of the water vapor might condense along the way and then trickle down the venting duct bringing lint down with it.
Moisture drainage could cause unexpected lint build up calling for early or an emergency clean-up.
Cleaning a Roof Dryer Vent
It is close to impossible for one to own a clothes dryer minus a laundry machine. Yet, that’s how much our lives are dependent on technology.
The amount of laundry you do depends mainly on the number of people in your household and children’s presence. Children need a change of wardrobe more frequently than adults do.
The more the laundry, the more the lint, and this will determine how often you do maintenance around your home.
Reasons For Dryer Maintenance
- The recommended and set-up timing for a load to be complete is between 35 to 40 minutes. If the clock keeps ticking away and your load is not thoroughly dried, then you should be concerned, and you should consider doing a maintenance job on your machine.
- Vent hood flaps do not open properly. The flaps should flap open automatically when air from the dryer begins to flow out. If not, it means there is lint built up, and your dryer needs maintenance.
- Lint and debris are expected, given that clothes wear off quickly, especially with machines. However, as time goes by, lint and debris accumulate around the dryers’ lint filter; when you notice this, do a cleanup or replace the filter. Failure to clean the lint filter is the leading cause of home clothes dryer fires.
- Another one is that when you start feeling the heat temperatures in the room rise even when the dryer is running, you should be aware that lint build-up might have occurred, interfering with airflow.
Dryer Vent Cleaning Process
Roof dryer cleanup is a multi-step process that could be complicated for you and might need the services of a professional.
Here is a more straightforward method of cleaning up a roof dryer vent;
- Switch off the electricity to the laundry room and pull the dryer away from the wall.
- Remove the venting tube connecting the dryer and the wall from both ends.
- Vacuum both the insides of the dryer and the tube to remove lint altogether.
- Stick a leaf blower to the exhaust duct on the wall and make sure to wrap a garbage bag around it to trap lint that will be flowing down the tube from making a mess.
- Turn on the leaf blower and keep it running for about a minute.
- Have someone on the rooftop who will confirm that the lint is coming out on the other end.
- Turn off the leaf blower when you are fully satisfied that all lint and debris have been cleaned.
- Connect back the venting tube to the dryer and the entry on the wall.
- Push the dryer back to the wall and plug it into the source of power.
Cleaning a roof dryer vent is not a DIY job and should be left to a professional cleaning service. This video demonstrates why.
When to Use a Professional
- Cleaning a roof-based dryer vent could be a little bit complicated and may need a professional to handle it. If you decide to do it yourself, you may end up damaging the roof and put yourself at risk of losing footing and falling off the roof.
- Proper roof maintenance is conducted every 2-3 years; this could also be the perfect time to ask them to check the dryer venting duct for you.
- If your home has a furnace, it will be good to ask the company to check and clean it for you when checking the furnace.
Importance of a Clothes Dryer
1. Saves Time and Effort
We live in a hectic world. People no longer have the time or patience to do manual jobs. Airing clothes in the sun and patiently waiting for them to dry is a thing of the past.
Clothes dryers have taken over, and they deliver fast and efficiently.
2. Dry large items with ease
Large pieces of clothing or beddings require that a large amount of water they hold be completely drained off. While this is not an easy task, a dryer can effortlessly pull the water out of it until it completely dries, ultimately saving us time and energy.
3. Limited space
There are not enough spaces in modern housing structures to allow clothes to be aired outside.
Many apartments today do not include these spaces in the architectural design. So with the lack of space for drying wet clothes comes the dire need for the use of dryers.
4. Quick dry
One minute your clothes might be dirty, and the next, they are all clean, smelling fresh and pressed.
Gone are when mold would build up in heavy clothes because it took longer to dry completely. Now, no matter the weather, laundry is not a problem for you to worry about.
As discussed earlier, roofs primarily provide shorter-length runs for dryer vents. However, the length of the run also reduces efficiency. The longer the run, the more friction loss is created, so the building code restricts total run length.
Lint build-up is the beginning and the end of all dryer vent problems. Ensure to clean the lint filter every time before running the dryer, and this will be one step every other time to win against lint build-up and potential safety hazards.